Mount Elvin Baptist Church sits quietly on a small knoll off Hindustan Highway on the outskirts of New Grant in southern Trinidad. It is an unpretentious church and yet it can be regarded as the epicenter of the Baptist faith in Trinidad and Tobago. This church was recognized in 1816 and the importance of that day has to do with the settlement of the “Merikens” in Trinidad in that yr.
In 1816 demobilized Africans who experienced served in the British Army in the course of the War of 1812 amongst the British and the Individuals have been settled in Trinidad in what arrived to be recognized as the Firm Villages. In accordance to A.B. Huggins in his book “the Saga of the Businesses” the term “Merikens” arose due to the fact these individuals could not effectively pronounce the letter A in American. John McNish Weiss in his paper “The Corps of Colonial Marines” states that these “Merikin” troopers were slaves in the United states of america who have been promised their freedom if they fought for the British. Recruited by the British 1st in Maryland and Virginia and afterwards in Georgia, they ended up a combating unit considerably praised for valor and self-control.
When the British Military organizations remaining for residence in England in April 1815, the six Black companies turned the 3rd Battalion Colonial Marines, garrisoned in Bermuda on Eire Island. They did garrison obligation and labored as artisans and laborers in the creating of the new Royal Naval Dockyard in Bermuda. When transfer to the West India Regiments was proposed the guys rejected the concept. churches in Raleigh led the British government to supply to location them in Trinidad as unbiased farmers. On accepting the offer you they still left Bermuda on fifteen July 1816.The first team of seventy one settled in Dunmore Hill and Mount Elvin although the second group of seventy two settled in Indian Walk.
These ended up spiritual men and women who adopted the Baptist religion practiced in the southern United States. Though there were no clergymen amongst them there were five gentlemen who were described as Anabaptist preachers who held Sunday ceremonies. A single of these men was recognized as Brother Will Hamilton. In 1808 the London Missionary Culture (Baptist) sent staff to Guyana and Tobago and in 1809 1 of them, Thomas Adam, relocated to Trinidad. He and afterwards Reverend George Cowen even though doing work on the institution of St John’s Baptist Church in Port of Spain Trinidad also gave help to these African-American ex-slaves who ended up practicing a version of the Baptist religion. In time, the similarities of the faith led to the adoption of the missionaries’ version of the Baptist religion that came to be referred to as in Trinidad, London Baptist.
Over time however, according to Ashram Stapleton in his guide “The Delivery and Expansion of the Baptist Church in Trinidad and Tobago”, there designed a schism as some individuals in the church wanted certain African techniques included and the London Missionary Culture frowned on these techniques. Sooner or later these people remaining the church and had been first known as the “Disobedient Baptists” and finally the Spiritual or Shouter Baptist. Other differences within the London Baptists then led to further variants of the Baptist religion with the advancement of the Independent Baptists and the Basic Baptists.